Republic of Indonesia is the largest archipelagic country in the world comprising more than 17000 islands in south east Asia that proclaimed its independence from Netherlands in 1945. It stretches along equator for 5,120 km from Malaysia to Papua & New Guinea. Its total land area is 1,904,569 square kilometers or 735,358 square miles with a population of 7,267 million making it 4th most populous area of the world. Majority is Muslim. It constitutes the largest economy in South East Asia and is member of G20.
Being located on the tropics the climate remains relatively even around the year. There are only two seasons, a wet season and a dry season. Dry season extends from April to October and most tourists tend to visit Indonesia in this season. Tourists are attracted because of its rich diversity in geography, ethnicity, culture craftmanship as well as local cosine. It is a country of numerous volcanos, most being dormant. There are 9 UNESCO approved world heritage sites in Indonesia.
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Yogyakarta is the capital of the Yogyakarta Sultanate, the only Indonesian royal city still ruled by a monarchy, Yogyakarta is regarded as an important centre for classical Javanese fine arts and culture such as ballet, batik textiles, drama, literature, music, poetry, silversmithing, visual arts, and wayang puppetry. Renowned as a centre of Indonesian education, Yogyakarta is home to a large student population and dozens of schools and universities, including Gadjah Mada University, the country’s largest institute of higher education and one of its most prestigious and also Universitas Islam Indonesia as the host of 2021 ICME.
Yogyakarta is home to a myriad of heritage buildings, landmarks and important monuments. Because of its proximity to the Borobudur and Prambanan temples, and presence of the Javanese court Kraton culture of Kraton Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta hosts a sizable tourist industry. Kotagede, the capital of Mataram Sultanate is also located in the city. Many tourists come to Yogyakarta as an accommodation base to visit Borobudur and Prambanan.
Malioboro street is a popular shopping and culinary area within the city, which has pedestrian zone. Yogyakarta Kraton is the palace and seat of the reigning Sultan of Yogyakarta also located in the city. The palace complex is a center of Javanese culture, and contains a museum displaying royal artifacts. Tugu monument is an important landmark of Yogyakarta. 1 March monument located on Jalan Malioboro was built to commemorate General Offensive of 1 March 1949 during the Indonesian National Revolution.